Facial serum and facial moisturizers just go together like honey and butter better than when used together actually; which is why both are better than nothing! If you’re wondering how a facial serum actually benefits your skin, how and when to apply a facial serum and which is the perfect facial serum for your particular skin type and skin tone, then you’re definitely sharing it with me. But first, let’s have a chat about the process of creating facial serum. It can be as simple as one, two, three, or a multitude of steps depending on the product, but in the end it’s the thought that counts not the results.
There are two main categories of facial serum: water-based and oil-based. A water-based emulsion is a thick, clear, foamy consistency with a neutral pH, which allows for an easy, quick, and even application without the caking or cracking typical of oil-based products. Typically, a high performance emulsion will have a slight waxy texture, which creates an effective barrier function.
Now, let’s talk about cleansing and toning. Cleansers remove surface dirt and makeup residue while toners tone and condition. Usually, there are cleansing masks (comparable to moisturizers) and exfoliation kits (comparable to moisturizers), as well as toners, which work in slightly deeper to remove facial wrinkles and sun damage. It’s best to always use both together. However, toners and masks should be used individually only according to manufacturer instructions.
Next, let’s discuss the different components of facial serum. Generally, it’s a combination of amino acids, enzymes, soothing and nourishing ingredients, vitamins, and minerals. Amino acids and enzymes play various roles such as firming, brightening, soothing, moisturizing, rejuvenating, and more. Vitamins and minerals are included for hydration purposes and to help repair and regenerate skin cells, respectively.
The most common component in a serum is vitamin C. Formulated into a crystal form, vitamin C is an antioxidant that works wonders to brighten and healing blemishes and age spots, even working against cancer. Common brands include retinol and hydroxy acid, but specialty formulas contain alternative vitamin C sources such as kojic acid and arnica. Kojic acid is derived from Japanese clay and is a highly powerful exfoliating ingredient. Arnica are herbal extracts commonly used to boost moisture barrier function.
Other botanical serum ingredients include salicylic acid, tea tree oil, and grape seed oil. These acids can be used individually or with other ingredients to brighten and even out skin tone. Some brands include other antioxidants such as beta carotene and lycopene. These compounds fight free radicals to prevent damage to the skin, even reversing signs of aging.
Facial serums are available in different forms. Most are applied directly to the face using a dropper or tissue, which is the most convenient method. Cream-based serums are best for daily use because they can be applied when needed and because they provide greater hydration than their liquid-based counterparts. These types of serums may also be used as a moisturizer, as some combines hydrating oils with preservatives to give them an extra-long shelf life. Skin care creams should be purchased at a reputable beauty store or online. Look for trusted brands that offer customer satisfaction and are backed by scientific research.
Whether you need a basic facial serum to brighten up or heal blemishes, look for one that contains ingredients proven to combat the free radicals that cause age-related ailments. Look for antioxidants, like beta carotene, that fight the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation. If you’d like a natural anti-aging treatment, look for anti-aging ingredients like vitamin C, essential fatty acids, and proteins, all of which can repair and rejuvenate the skin. If your goal is younger looking skin, look for an antioxidant-rich formula that includes Functional Keratin, coenzyme Q10, and alpha lipoic acid. A facial serum can help your fine lines and wrinkles disappear.